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CBTL SAITO EMC Branch has merged with CBTL Japan Quality Assurance Organization, Kita-Kansai Testing Center - JQA Kita Kansai into one single lab with two locations.
ACTL Guangdong Testing Institute of Product Quality Supervision-Shunde(GQI-Shunde) has merged with CBTL Guangdong Testing Institute of Product Quality Supervision(GQI) into one single lab with two locations.
CBTL Guangzhou ITL Co., Ltd. has been accepted to operate under NCB UL (Demko)
CBTL SGS Fimko Ltd, Tampere, Finland has been accepted to operate under NCB SGS FIMKO
SATL Cosmos Corporation Akeno Lab and SATL Cosmos Corp., Japan - Ohnogi have merged with CBTL Cosmos Corporation Matsusaka lab into one single laboratory with 3 locations.
CBTL Shanghai Testing & Inspection Institute for Electrical Equipment (STIEE) has been accepted to operate under NCB LCIE
CBTL mikes-testingpartners gmbh name change has changes names to CSA Group Bayern GmbH
CBTL Mobile Power Solutions has ben transferred from NCB NEMKO to NCB UL DEMKO
CBTL CETECOM ICT Services has ben transferred from NCB OVE to NCB TUV RH LGA.
CBTL CSA Group Bayern GmbH has been accepted to operate under NCB CSA International
CBTL AE s.r.l. Appliances Engineering has been accepted to operate under NCB UL (US)
SPTL SGS-CSTC Standards Technical Services Co., Ltd. - E&E Lab Guangzhou has been accepted through administrative procedure to operate under NCB SGS FIMKO Ltd.
CBTL TÜV SÜD Ohtama,Ltd. (TOTL) has changed its name to TÜV SÜD Zacta Ltd. Tokyo Testing Center.
Apave SudEurope SAS has been accepted to operate under NCB APAVE Certification.
NCB APAVE Certification has been accepted to operate in IECEE CB Scheme
CBTL Mobile Power Solutions, Inc. is no longer operating in the IECEE CB Scheme under the responsibility of NCB Nemko A/S
IECEE Executive Secretary and COO Pierre de Ruvo to step down end 2013
IECEE Executive Secretary and COO Pierre de Ruvo will step down at the end of 2013. As in previous years, IECEE, the IEC System of Conformity Assessment Schemes for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components, held its annual series of meetings at the beginning of the summer, this time in Vancouver, Canada, from 17 to 21 June 2013. What distinguished this year’s gathering was the announcement that IECEE Executive Secretary and COO Pierre de Ruvo would step down at the end of the year.
IECEE Executive Secretary and COO Pierre de Ruvo during his speech in Vancouver, Canada
The (not quite yet) final curtain
In a very personal and heartfelt speech inspired by Frank Sinatra's song My Way, de Ruvo took the opportunity to reminisce about the 14 years he has spent at the helm of the IECEE, "a system where there are no premium Members, but Members adhering to a common objective…[to] facilitate trade through mutual recognition".
Together we are stronger
In his speech, de Ruvo paid a special tribute to the founders of the IECEE, whom he met in the early 1980s and who were instrumental in leading him towards conformity assessment, instilling in him the maxim: "United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is little we can do".
He then expressed his gratitude to the past and current Chairmen and the Officers of the System, thanked his team profusely for their extraordinary assistance and hard work over the years and voiced his appreciation of the IECEE stakeholders and community at large for their infallible support, encouragement and confidence.
On a more personal note, de Ruvo said that none of this would have been possible without the limitless support he has received from his wife.
IECEE Members adhere to a common goal... facilitate trade through mutual recognition
The future is bright...the future is... IECEE
Making his the famous words pronounced by John Fitzgerald Kennedy, de Ruvo urged his colleagues to ask themselves "not what the IECEE can do for you but what you can do for the IECEE", to make the world a better, safer and more efficient place.
The following lines, taken from de Ruvo's speech, highlight the spirit in which he is leaving the IECEE: "I am confident that the work we've done thus far will put the IECEE in good stead for many years ahead. […] Whatever major challenges may lie ahead, I hope that the future IECEE will remain the reference, the unique global recognition system, yet one that truly facilitates trade and be invaluable across industrialized countries to developing nations".
IECEE recently launched a new service, INDAT, for industrial autromation (Photo: Dewal)
In-depth review of IECEE work
On a more traditional note, the Vancouver event was an opportunity for the CMC (Certification Management Committee) to review all IECEE activities undertaken since the 2012 annual meeting. Over two days, 19-20 June, the System's various Committees and Working Groups reported on their specific attributions and tasks. The huge number of items under scrutiny, mostly pertaining to the smooth running of the System, also included:
- the launch of INDAT, the new product category for industrial automation (see e-tech June 2103);
- new services that are currently under development, such as Smart Grid and a Global EEE (Electrical Energy Efficiency) Labelling Programme;
- cooperation with other international organizations, citing as an example the long-standing and successful collaboration efforts with IAF (International Accreditation Forum) and ILAC (International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation)
All decisions made by the CMC in Vancouver will be submitted to IEC CAB (Conformity Assessment Board) for approval at their October meeting in New Delhi, India, during the IEC General Meeting.
IEC launches Affiliate Conformity Assessment Status
Conformity assessment is an expectation in many countries throughout the world. In most of the countries participating in the IEC Affiliate Country Programme, however, the concept has not necessarily been fully integrated. Recognizing the need to raise awareness and provide a better understanding of the specific requirements linked to conformity assessment activities, the IEC Affiliate Country Programme Secretariat is launching the new ACAS (Affiliate Conformity Assessment Status) in August 2013.
...Affiliate Countries' status is growing.
ACAS is an opportunity to learn
This status will offer Affiliate Countries new benefits in all of the IEC CA (Conformity Assessment) Systems that exist today and any that are developed in the future.
The three IEC CA Systems – IECEE (System for Conformity Testing and Certification of Electrotechnical Equipment and Components), IECEx (System for Certification to Standards Relating to Equipment for use in Explosive Atmospheres) and IECQ (Quality Assessment System for Electronic Components) – certify that components, equipment and systems conform to IEC International Standards.
The objective of ACAS is to train Affiliate Countries to use IEC International Standards and benefit from its CA Systems through the recognition of IEC CA certificates, whenever possible at the national level.
Components must go through IECEE conformity steps to guarantee security.
Benefits of the new status
Having ACAS will mean that the participating country can take part in regional awareness events. These events will be done on request from international or regional organizations, or a group of Affiliate Countries. The CA Systems, in collaboration with the Affiliate Secretariat, will organize these events. The events can cover IEC symposiums and awareness, and speakers for joint capacity building events with other international or regional organizations.
The CA Systems will provide experts and/or specialist speakers and can carry out local visits or audits for participating factories, laboratories or government CA facilities - whenever possible in the host country.
IEC CA expert(s) will hold seminars organized by the Affiliate Secretariat. The presentations will be on subjects relevant to the audiences attending.
Participation in CA Systems
Affiliate Countries that take part in ACAS will have observer status in each system at management, committee and working group meetings with commenting rights when appropriate. They will also have ample networking opportunities and knowledge will be gained through effort and participation.
E-learning modules are being developed and will be available through the IEC website or on CD-ROM. Once the first level module has been completed, the participant will pass a test to obtain a recognition certificate to move up to the next level. Knowledge will be gained through effort and participation, and higher knowledge will give access to greater benefits.
The Affiliate Secretariat will collect materials to provide a database (Affiliate Resources Database) for the benefit of Affiliate countries which will include publications, developing country case studies/testimonies (once available), possibly international organizations capacity building projects, and others on request from the Affiliate countries.
From one step to another...
Who can benefit from ACAS?
Any Affiliate Country that has officially declared the adoption of IEC International Standards as national standards; made the commitment to use the ACAS Learning Modules; and signed the ACAS Pledge.
For more information or to receive the ACAS Pledge, please contact the Affiliate Secretariat in order to benefit from the new Affiliate Conformity Assessment Status.
CBTL Korea Electrical Safety Corporation (KESCO) is no longer operating in the IECEE CB Scheme under the responsibility of NCB UL (Demko)
CBTL The Lighting Industry Association Laboratories Ltd. previously under NCB TÜV Rheinland LGA has been transferred under NCB BSI for product category LITE
CBTL IrcCOS S.c.a.r.l has changed its name to Kiwa Italia S.p.A.
The development of automation throughout the 20th century brought enormous changes to the industrial world: some jobs disappeared, others underwent major transformations, new ones were created and, most importantly, the interaction between man and machine was altered forever. In the pre-automation era, machinery had been used to assist workers.
Safety, reliability and quality through automation
The advantages of having automated systems were soon recognized by industry. The systems enabled human operators to be replaced in tasks that involved hard physical or monotonous work, or those being performed in hazardous environments including fires, nuclear facilities or underwater. Automated systems can also undertake jobs that cannot be performed by human beings because of excessive demands in areas such as speed, size, weight or endurance. Automated processes often result in more consistent quality and reliability in the assembly chain.
Automation changed the industrial landscape
The rapid evolution of IT (information technology) in the second part of the 20th century enabled engineers to create increasingly complex control systems that integrated fully with the factory floor.
The automotive industry, for instance, has been transformed radically by the development of automation. Over time, the food industry, pharmaceutical and other manufacturing companies have also relied heavily on automation to produce more and at lower cost. Today, most sectors of industry use at least some element of automation.
The introduction of IT enabled engineers to create increasingly complex control systems fully integrated with the factory floor.
IEC standardization plays major role
The IEC has a number of TCs (Technical Committees) that prepare International Standards connected with specific areas of industrial automation. IEC TC 65: Industrial-process measurement, control and automation, provides many of the Standards that are relevant for industry. IEC TC 2: Rotating machinery, IEC TC 17: Switchgear and controlgear, IEC TC 22: Power electronic systems and equipment, IEC TC 44: Safety of machinery - Electrotechnical aspects, and IEC TC 66: Safety of measuring, control and laboratory equipment, all play important roles in this field.
Specific certification for industrial automation
Most of the International Standards developed by these IEC TCs are already integrated within services provided by IECEE, the IEC System of Conformity Assessment Schemes for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components.
However, the complexity and sophistication of today’s systems and equipment in industrial plants require a specific approach to safety and security. To provide improved response to industry and market needs, IECEE and its WG (Working Group) 2: Business Development, have produced a new service entirely dedicated to industrial automation. One of the first tasks undertaken by WG 2 was to gather into one product category – INDAT – all the existing IEC International Standards that have a direct bearing on products used in this area.
Safety and functional safety
In industrial plants, overall safety extends further than is traditional with safety: it includes functional safety and has to meet very strict requirements.
Safety can be defined as protection from an unacceptable risk of physical injury or from impairment to the health of people, either directly or indirectly, as a result of damage to property or to the environment.
Functional safety is the part of overall safety that depends on the correct operation of a system or equipment in response to its inputs. If a potentially dangerous condition is detected, either a protective or corrective device or mechanism may be activated to prevent hazardous events arising or some mitigating feature may reduce their consequences.
Neither safety nor functional safety can be determined without taking into consideration the system as a whole as well as the environment with which it interacts.
The automotive industry has been transformed radically by the development of automation
The security of industrial communications systems is also at stake. TC 65 is currently working on a set of IEC International Standards addressing the security of networks and systems.
Benefits of INDAT
The introduction of the INDAT product category has benefits for industry as well as for IECEE CBs (Certification Bodies) and TLs (Test Laboratories):
- it provides a platform offering progressive support of global recognition and acceptance of industrial automation products
- it allows for the sharing of expertise, knowledge and tools that enable third-party CBs to deliver compliance services pertaining to the functional safety of industrial automation products
- it provides easier and faster market access for industry, eliminates the need for multiple testing and ultimately drastically reduces the costs associated with the global roll-out of products
IECEE facilitates access to market…
A CB Test Certificate is a global passport that allows products to be accepted in all IECEE member countries. It is so well known that global acceptance is a reality, even in countries that are not part of the IECEE community. “One test, one international certificate” opens the doors to the global market.
…through the CB Scheme…
The IECEE CB Scheme provides the assurance that tested and certified products meet the strictest levels of safety, reliability and performance in compliance with the relevant IEC International Standards. It helps reduce costs and time to market, eliminates duplicate or multiple testing and provides a high level of confidence for manufacturers, retailers and consumers alike.
…and the CB-FCS
The CB-FCS Scheme for Mutual Recognition of Conformity Assessment Certificates for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components is an extension of the IECEE CB Scheme in that it also includes factory audits and inspections. It goes far beyond mere product testing by including a complete quality system and surveillance methods at the factory that manufactures a certified product. This is interesting for manufacturers who need to provide proof that products manufactured in a given factory offer a consistent level of quality over time.
Automation combines the use of control systems and information technology applications to provide solutions to different industrial needs
IEC International Standards in the INDAT product category
The IEC International Standards listed below are currently available in the INDAT product category. Other Industrial Automation Standards may be proposed and added to the list in the future.
IEC 61010-1, Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control, and laboratory use - Part 1: General requirements
IEC 61010-2-201, Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - Part 2-201: Particular requirements for control equipment
IEC 60034 series on rotating electrical machines
IEC 60439 series on low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies
IEC 60947 series on low-voltage switchgear and controlgear
IEC 61131 series on programmable controllers
IEC 61204 series on low-voltage power supply devices, d.c. output
IEC 61496 series on safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment
IEC 61800 series on adjustable speed electrical power drive systems
IEC 62026 series on low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Controller-device interfaces (CDIs)
IEC/TS 62046, Safety of machinery - Application of protective equipment to detect the presence of persons
Note: This publication is a Technical Specification. The development of IEC 62046 as an IEC International Standard is currently undeway
IEC 62061, Safety of machinery - Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic control systems
IEC 60204 series on safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines
IEC 62477-1, Safety requirements for power electronic converter systems and equipment - Part 1: General
IEC 62477-2, Safety requirements for power semiconductor converter systems - Part 2: Power Electronic Converters from 1000 V a.c. or 1500 V d.c. up to 35 kV a.c. is under development
These IEC International Standards may be available in other IECEE categories as well.
CBTL Energy Assurance LLC. has been accepted to operate under NCB
TÜV SÜD PSB Pte. Ltd.
KTL China Co., Ltd (Shenzhen) has been accepted to operate under NCB KTL
ACTL INTERTEK SEMKO AB Järfälla has been accepted to operate under NCB Intertek Semko AB
CBTL Zhejiang Joysun Testing Technical Services Co., Ltd. previously under NCB UL (Demko) AS has been transferred under NCB TÜV Rheinland Japan Ltd. for product category HOUS
A few weeks ago, as I underwent eye surgery, I realized that I was much more worried about the outcome than about the operation itself. Why was that? Given the numerous problems caused by poor eyesight since I was a kid, I had difficulties imagining a world that wasn’t hazy and out of focus, a world in which I would see sharp outlines and well-defined silhouettes. As for surgery, I had total confidence in the skills of my ophthalmologist. I trust him.
Trust is essential in the doctor-patient relationship
A matter of trust
Trust is the key word here. It is essential in the doctor-patient relationship. I had trust in my doctor and in his diagnosis. I believed him when he told me that surgery was the only option open to me. Had I not trusted him, I would have seen another specialist.
But this goes further than the doctor-patient relationship. My ophthalmologist – and by extension any medical practitioner – has to trust the performance of the optometric apparatus he uses to make a diagnosis. And as a surgeon, he has to trust the reliability of the instruments and equipment used in the operation room, be they surgical lighting, lasers or magnifiers, to name but a few.
Surgical microscope (Photo: Zeiss)
A powerful tool
Manufacturers of medical electrical and electronic equipment – from well-established multinational companies to SMEs (small and medium enterprises) that specialize in high-technology niche markets – have a powerful tool at their disposal for ensuring that their products meet the strictest requirements in terms of safety, reliability and performance: IECEE.
IECEE (IEC System of Conformity Assessment Schemes for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components) ensures that electrical and electronic devices and equipment are reliable and meet expectations in terms of performance, safety, durability and other criteria. This includes not only medical electrical equipment but also risk hazards for patients, those who operate the equipment – such as doctors and nurses – and maintenance personnel. IECEE has put a special emphasis on this sector in recent years.
Compliance with IEC International Standards
In the IECEE CB (Certification Body) Scheme, medical equipment has its own product category, MED, comprising dozens of IEC International Standards against which products are to be tested and certified. It includes the IEC 60601 series of standards on the safety and performance of medical electrical equipment, and in particular IEC 60601-1, Medical electrical equipment - Part 1: General requirements for basic safety and essential performance, which is widely accepted throughout the world. It can be said that compliance with IEC 60601-1 has become a de facto requirement for the commercialization of electrical medical equipment in many countries.
Emphasis on risk management
But IECEE has gone further. In 2007 it set up the IECEE MEE (Medical Electrical Equipment) Task Force whose responsibility is to deal with the implementation of risk management requirements in the third edition of IEC 60601-1, published in 2005.
The Task Force consists of about 20 members who represent various interests in the field of medical electrical equipment (industry, government agencies, certification bodies, IEC Technical Committees). The group meets once a year and is responsible for:
- developing guidelines and working instructions on how to implement the relevant clauses of IEC 60601-1 in helping manufacturers demonstrate compliance with the “risk management process” as defined in ISO (International Organization for Standardization) 14971, Medical devices - Application of risk management to medical devices
- establishing a consensus with methods that are acceptable for determining compliance with all the relevant clauses (in relation to ISO 14971) of IEC 60601-1
- developing a checklist aimed at assisting the medical equipment industry, official authorities and stakeholders around the world to test in the appropriate manner
- acting as an Advisory Group on the common understanding of ISO 14971 with respect to IEC 60601-1
- organizing specific training sessions dealing with risk management issues
IECEE certification, based on the principle of mutual recognition (reciprocal acceptance) by its members of test results for obtaining certification or approval at national level, is also essential in facilitating international trade and allowing direct access to the marketplace for regulators, vendors, retailers or buyers. It eliminates unnecessary duplicate testing and reduces the costs related to the certification process.
Since 1985, the IECEE has positioned itself as the global testing and certification system for electrotechnical equipment, issuing more than 500 000 certificates that are recognized worldwide. The system is still developing new programmes to provide manufacturers and consumers alike with the highest possible levels of safety, performance and reliability.
More information on IECEE: www.iecee.org
IECEE certification key to EV technologies
Although many automotive manufacturers have added EVs (electric vehicles) to their product lines in recent years, they remain very much a niche market, albeit one that is dynamic and developing steadily. And while potential buyers may still be somewhat concerned by the short range and long charges generally associated with EVs nowadays, industry is striving to come up with innovative solutions to remedy these problems.
The bigger picture
The EV industry is still in its infancy. Granted, they were first seen in the 1900s and then briefly in the 1970s, but since then, technologies have evolved at such a rapid pace that these previous experiments cannot really be taken into account.
Today’s EV development cannot be conceived without taking the bigger picture into account. EVs are not stand-alone products. Connection to the grid, two-way communications, energy storage, to name but a few issues, have to be taken into account. A broad roll-out of EVs will require significant investment into the energy and charging infrastructure.
IECEE was involved in the testing and certification of parts and components for the automotive industry long before it launched the EV programme...
Car manufacturers however are not alone in this still new venture. Governments increasingly push for electrified transportation and in many cases offer incentives for EV development.
Support also comes from the standardization and conformity assessment sector. The IEC in particular has recognized very early on the benefits that EVs could offer in terms of potential energy storage and environmental issues.
Electric and electronic infrastructure
Many IEC TCs (Technical Committees) and thousands of experts work on the electric and electronic infrastructure that allows cars to operate as expected and connect safely to the grid. IEC standardization work includes:
- a multitude of components, switches, connectors, wires
- lighting and displays that are built into any modern car
- audio, video, in-vehicle communication and connection
- batteries, capacitors and fuel-cells
- connectors and charging infrastructure, electric accessories, inductive charging, and more
- functional safety of charging stations and vehicles
- overall electrical safety and protection from shocks, overvoltage and fires
- electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
- interfaces and protocols for vehicle-to-grid communication, IT security and data protection
The IEC SMB (Standardization Management Board) has also set up a strategic group, SG 6: Electrotechnology for mobility, to investigate interactions between EVs on the one side and the electricity supply infrastructure on the other. The aim is to analyze market and industry developments, identify gaps and overlaps in IEC International Standards and to ensure that a timely delivery of the appropriate standards.
Certifying compliance to standards
However, compliance with IEC International Standards is only the first step. To make sure the parts and components used in manufacturing EVs are of the highest quality and reliability, they need to be tested and certified.
Here again the IEC, through its Conformity Assessment Systems, has the solution.
EV programme launched
In 2012, IECEE (IEC System of Conformity Assessment Schemes for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components) launched a specific programme for EVs, called ELVH The IECEE CB Scheme, through its registered CBTLs (Certification Body Testing Laboratories), and NCBs (National Certification Bodies), can test and certify charging systems & stations and plugs against two series of IEC International Standards:
- IEC 61851, Electric vehicle conductive charging system
- IEC 62196, Plugs, socket-outlets, vehicle connectors and vehicle inlets
The new IECEE EV programme focuses on charging systems as well as plugs, socket outlets and inlets
EV charging standards
The IEC 62196 series comprises two International Standards. They define the plugs and sockets which can be used to charge an EV. IEC 62196-1 contains the general requirements while IEC 62196-2 standardizes three types of mains connecting systems, known as Types 1, 2 and 3. Which of these is appropriate depends largely upon the electrical infrastructure and regulatory conditions in each country.
These standards build upon IEC 61851-1 which defines the four modes of charging an EV from a power source. Modes 1 to 3 are estimated to allow an EV to be fully charged in between three and ten hours through direct connection to a mains supply. Mode 4 could fully charge an EV in under ten minutes, but as it uses off-grid batteries, it is the most expensive to implement.
The new general IEC 62196-1 standard applies to all four of these modes while IEC 62196-2 applies only to mains charging (Modes 1 to 3). A third standard, IEC 62196-3, is being developed to standardize DC (direct current) charging (Mode 4).
In addition, IEC 61851-1 defines three cable and plug setups which can be used to charge EVs: Case A, where the cable is permanently attached to the EV; Case B, where the cable is not permanently attached to anything; and Case C where the cable is permanently attached to the charging station.
IECEE-certified automotive parts and components
But IECEE was involved in the testing and certification of parts and components for the automotive industry long before it launched the ELVH category. Lighting, switches, electrical safety, EMC, hazardous substances have all belonged to the IECEE portfolio for many years.
...and that includes batteries
Relying on batteries
And so have batteries. Fuel-powered and hybrid cars, trucks, buses, locomotives and aircraft also rely on batteries to start their engine or, in some cases, the APU (auxiliary power unit).
When testing and certifying EV batteries, IECEE focuses on multiple aspects. Electrical energy storage is an important element that will have an impact on EV range and battery-charging frequency. Endurance and lifespan are also under scrutiny. To avoid risks such as overheating and short circuits, parameters such as voltage, current, power and temperature also need to be measured and tested.
Through its standardization and conformity assessment work, the IEC offers a truly global platform that covers the electric and electronic infrastructure that allows cars to operate safely and helps the EV industry make the connection to the grid.
CBTL Eurocat GmbH has changed it's name to BSI Group Deutschland GmbH
MB, NCB and CBTL SABS have changed their names to South African Bureau of Standards (SOC) Ltd: Electrochnical Laboratories.
CBTL Zacta Technology Corporation Yonezawa Testing Center has changed it's name to TÜV SÜD Zacta Ltd. Yonezawa Testing Center
Specific IECEE EMC programme ensures safety and reliability of electrical and electronic devices
Lightning is a huge natural electrostatic discharge between electrically charged areas within a single cloud, from one cloud to another or between a cloud and the earth. The discharge is accompanied by a flash or strike, can result in serious injuries or fatalities when people are exposed to it, and can cause serious damage to equipment, installations and buildings when it hits the ground.
Keeping safe in a thunderstormy
We have all learned from an early age what we have to do in a thunderstorm. When outdoors, keep away from trees, tall objects, metal and water; try to find shelter in a building; spread out if in a group. When driving, stop at the side of the road or on a motorway’s hard shoulder, stay in the car and avoid touching metal. While indoors, stay away from windows, stop using phones and electrical equipment and unplug appliances and computers.
Close lightning strikes can also generate electromagnetic pulses
Telephones, modems, computers and other electronic devices can be damaged by lightning, as harmful overcurrent can reach them through the phone jack, Ethernet cable, or electricity outlet. Close strikes can also generate EMPs (electromagnetic pulses). All electronic devices are highly susceptible to these electromagnetic effects.
As the market in electronic goods has increased rapidly and steadily over the past 30 years, so the need for protective measures against such effects has grown.
Lightning protection standardized
In 1979, the IEC established TC (Technical Committee) 81
: Lightning protection, to prepare International Standards and guides for lightning protection for structures and buildings as well as for persons, installations, and contents in or on them.
Lightning strikes can cause serious damage to equipment, installations and buildings
TC 81 has provided other IEC TCs with guidance on the protective measures to be taken against electromagnetic effects produced by lightning.
EMC tested and certified by IECEE
As part of its CB (Certification Body) Scheme, IECEE
(IEC System of Conformity Assessment Schemes for Electrotechnical Equipment and Components), has put in place the mechanisms to ensure, through assessment, testing and surveillance, that products conform to the specified requirements of the appropriate EMC standards. The service provides testing and certification in compliance with IEC International Standards prepared, among others, by IEC TC 77
: Electromagnetic compatibility, and CISPR
: International special committee on radio interference.
EMC chamber (Photo: Philips)
The main features of the IECEE EMC compliance services as provide by the CB Scheme and the CB FCS include, as appropriate:
•Third-party testing and certification for products based on IEC International Standards
•Testing of products by internationally approved laboratories
•Regular surveillance of quality systems and products through factory inspection to ensure that quality products comply with the relevant IEC International Standards
Using the IECEE EMC programme and obtaining IECEE certificate of compliance offers multiple benefits for manufacturers. Among them are faster access to market, cost and time saving, a competitive advantage at the national, regional and international level, and ultimately customer confidence that the product purchased meets all safety and reliability requirements.
CBTL Shanghai Electrical Appliance Testing Laboratory (SEATL) has changed it's name to Technical Center for Mechanical and Electrical Product Inspection and Testing of SHCIQ (SMEC)
Cooperation agreements with other standardization and conformity assessment bodies have been on the IEC agenda for many years. One such agreement, made between the Commission’s three CA (Conformity Assessment) Systems, IAF (International Accreditation Forum) and ILAC (International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation) has proved highly rewarding, with levels of collaboration increasingly constantly.
From day one, cooperation between the three organizations has evolved extremely positively on a number of technical and administrative fronts. These collaborative efforts culminated in the three organizations signing a MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) in October 2010. In 2012, the high level of confidence established between them led the IEC CA Systems and the members of ILAC and IAF to expand the scope of the first tripartite MoU.
From left: Peter Unger, ILAC Chairman, Pierre de Ruvo, IECEE Executive Secretary and COO, and Randy Dougherty, IAF Chairman
The new MoU was signed in Rio de Janeiro, on 25 October 2012, by ILAC Chairman Peter Unger, IAF Chairman Randy Dougherty and IECEE Executive Secretary and COO Pierre de Ruvo, on behalf of IEC General Secretary and CEO Frans Vreeswijk.
The aim of the initial agreement was to maximize efficiency when dealing with common CB (Certification Body) and TL (Testing Laboratory) clients. One means of achieving this was by re-assessing these CBs and TLs jointly to avoid duplication of processes. Under the new agreement, collaboration will not be limited to joint re-assessments, but will also cover initial assessments and surveillance as appropriate.
Under the IECEE CB Scheme, test laboratories can perform all types of electrcal testing...
To ensure that collaboration is as full as possible, the three organizations have agreed to coordinate the application of standards and guidance documents for the assessment of the CBs and TLs accredited by IAF and ILAC and operating in the IEC CA Systems.
The MoU also stipulates that joint training and workshops should be organized for the pool of technical assessors that are entitled to perform unified assessments of CBs and TLs.
...for example circuit-breaker testing
High-level Steering Committee
In the wake of the 2010 MoU, the IEC-IAF-ILAC Steering Committee was formed to explore the possibilities for further harmonization of the three organizations' assessments and related activities. The Steering Committee is chaired by IECEE Executive Secretary and COO Pierre de Ruvo.
The Steering Committee is responsible for developing the cooperation strategy; establishing working parties to deal with specific issues pertaining to the three organizations; monitoring, reviewing and providing assistance for agreed projects; approving changes to these projects; resolving conflicts and making decisions on formal acceptance of project deliverables.
A dedicated website has been developed to provide information on the tripartite agreement, the Steering Committee and its task forces, relevant documentation and a list of the re-assessments performed since the first MoU came into force.
CBTL LTA Co., Ltd. previously under MET has been transferred to responsible NCB TÜV Rheinland Japan for product category OFF & TRON.
CBTL EMITECH Angers has been transferred from NCB Intertek Semko AB to responsible NCB IMQ S.p.A. for product category OFF.
CBTL EMITECH Ile de France has been transferred from NCB Intertek Semko AB to responsible NCB IMQ S.p.A. for product category MEAS.
ACTL Advanced Compliance Solutions Inc. has been transferred from NCB NEMKO AS to responsible NCB TÜV SÜD Product Service GmbH for product category OFF.
NCB TÜV InterCert GmbH has changed name into TÜV InterCert GmbH - Group of TÜV Saarland